A Descriptive Grammar of sa̲ei:di, Egyptian colloquial Arabic by AA Khalafallah

By AA Khalafallah

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Extra resources for A Descriptive Grammar of sa̲ei:di, Egyptian colloquial Arabic

Sample text

Après avoir doctement expliqué pourquoi, sur le fond, les militants anticolonialistes faisaient fausse route en réclamant la révision du Robert, le lexicographe n'a pu 61 s'empêcher de les taxer d'« inculture économique ». Il n'a pu se retenir de leur signifier qu'ils ne remplissaient pas les conditions requises pour intervenir dans le débat sur la langue. De même, non seulement l'Académie et ses nombreux émules condamnent la féminisation des noms, mais, surtout, ils manifestent la volonté de garder l'exclusivité du débat, de raccompagner les femmes à l'extérieur du forum, de sanctionner les libertés prises avec la langue et plus, si nécessaire.

Pour comprendre cet assentiment, comme pour interpréter la contestation, il faut se détacher de l'objet, spécialisé, pour s'intéresser à la logique de l'action. Depuis le début des années soixante-dix, c'est la nécessité de trouver des équivalents français aux tennes étrangers, principalement anglo-saxons, qui a justifié cette intervention publique sur la langue. De droite comme de gauche, tous les gouvernements ont poursuivi avec constance et détennination la politique d'aménagement tenninologique.

Au nom de la préservation de la neutralité du sujet de droit, elle recommande l'emploi du masculin chaque fois qu'il est question de désigner une femme dans une fonction. À la volonté de déparier le genre du sexe se substitue celle de différencier le métier de la fonction, mais l'objectif est toujours de garantir au masculin le plus large périmètre d'application possible. Plus encore, en fondant la règle d'usage sur le droit, la commission a renforcé la cohérence de l'adresse académique. Si l'usage est un moyen de préserver les catégories du droit, l'emploi de titres féminins par quelques femmes en position de responsabilités constitue bien un problème politique.

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