A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee to Review the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology's Research Priorities Plan

Ocean examine deals numerous advantages, from bettering fisheries administration to learning new medications to allowing early detection of tsunamis and hurricanes. on the request of the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean technological know-how and expertise (JSOST), the nationwide examine Council convened a committee to check the draft and ultimate models of the sea examine Priorities Plan and Implementation method defined in "Charting the path for Ocean technology within the usa: study Priorities for the following Decade", which represents the 1st coordinated nationwide ocean examine making plans attempt concerning all federal corporations that aid ocean science.The plan provides an formidable imaginative and prescient for ocean examine that would be of serious profit to the sea sciences group and the country. This ebook comprises either units of findings (i.e., the committee's overview of the JSOST's draft plan ["A evaluate of the Draft Ocean learn Priorities Plan: Charting the path for Ocean technological know-how within the United States"] and the overview of the ultimate plan). This booklet recommends that JSOST hire quite a few outreach mechanisms to proceed to interact nonfederal companions in ocean examine making plans efforts, comparable to setting up exterior committees to supply medical and technical suggestion and to study development on implementation of the learn plan.

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As it stands, the plan ineffectively addresses the role of basic research in achieving the priorities identified. The discussion of fundamental science could be more effectively highlighted as a cross-cutting element, connected to the subsequent discussion of the themes by statements that provide examples of ways in which fundamental research could lead to progress in those Societal Needs Applied Research Basic Science FIGURE 3-1 The interconnected nature of science and societal needs. 32 REVIEW OF THE OCEAN RESEARCH PRIORITIES PLAN theme priority areas.

The subsection on “Overarching Opportunities” in particular provides a vision of the future that is multifaceted and from which numerous challenges and related goals could be developed. This section could be strengthened significantly and moved to the front of the plan with other cross-cutting elements. The draft plan draws a somewhat sharp distinction between basic and applied science. In doing so, the plan does not adequately reflect the nature of the scientific process in which basic process studies interact continually with more applied observational and modeling efforts, both to advance science and ultimately to inform and support policy decision making and societal needs.

The use of boxes, figures, tables, pic- 38 REVIEW OF THE OCEAN RESEARCH PRIORITIES PLAN Box 3-2 Potential Outline 1. Vision 2. Approach 3. Cross-cuts a. Fundamental Science—Basic Research b. Development of Predictive Models c. Integrated Assessments d. Ocean Observations e. Information to Support Decision Making f. Ocean Education—Ocean Literacy and Workforce Development 4. Themes 1-6 a. Challenges b. Research Goals and Priorities i. Time frame ii. Benchmarks c. Tools 5. Near-Term Priorities tures, and other tools would help to highlight information by consolidating it and presenting it in a format that has a greater impact on the reader.

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