By Wolfgang Gentzsch (auth.), Dan Grigoras, Alex Nicolau, Bernard Toursel, Bertil Folliot (eds.)
Started by way of small workforce of popular scientists with the purpose of sharing wisdom, reports, and effects on all elements of cluster computing, the initiative of a workshop on cluster computing got extra recognition after IFIP WG 10.3 and IEEE Romania part authorised our request for sponsorship. furthermore, the applying for a NATO ARW furnish was once winning, resulting in a better curiosity within the workshop. during this recognize, we need to say that we selected Romania for you to allure scientists from relevant and jap eu international locations and enhance the cooperation within the area, within the box of cluster computing. We had an incredibly little while to arrange the development, yet many of us joined us and enthusiastically contributed to the method. The good fortune of the workshop is thoroughly end result of the labor of the organizing committee, individuals of this system committee, key audio system, audio system from undefined, and authors of authorized papers. The workshop consisted of invited and standard paper shows, via discussions, on many very important present and rising themes starting from sheduling and cargo balancing to grids. the main audio system dedicated their time and efforts to proposing the main attention-grabbing result of their study teams, and all of us thank them for this . All papers have been peer reviewed by means of or 3 reviewers.
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Extra resources for Advanced Environments, Tools, and Applications for Cluster Computing: NATO Advanced Research Workshop, IWCC 2001 Mangalia, Romania, September 1–6, 2001 Revised Papers
The client and the server have different roles and their relationship is not symmetric. The use of multiple computers as a single resource offers, in a natural way, opportunities for parallel execution. While, at the beginning, the message-passing paradigm was undisputable, the extended acquisition of multiple-processors servers (SMP) re-ignited the dispute among message passing and shared-memory adepts. Peer-to-peer computing is a different approach as all computers are peers, and if there exist a server, its function is just to manage directories and redirect initial messages among peers.
Bershad, S. Savage, P. Pardyack, E. Gun Sirer, D. Becker, M. Fiuczynski, C. Chambers and S. Eggers, Extensibility, Safety and Performance in the SPIN Operating System Proceedings of the 15th ACM Symposium on Operating System Principles, Copper Mountain, Colorado, December 1995. 19. org/ 20. org/ 21. Wetherall, J. Guttag, D. Tennenhouse. ANTS: A Toolkit for Building and Dynamically Deploying Network Protocol, in Proceedings of IEEE OPENARCH’98, San Fransisco, USA, April 1998. 22. S. Michel, K. Nguyen, A.
28 D. Grigoras Fig. 1. Two clusters, A and B are created on a local network. Notice the heterogeneity of the network and the possibility to connect mobile devices. Clusters can be classified according to different parameters that take into account the components source (commodity or not), the target applications, level of security, sharing policies, and the geographic distribution. Currently, more important aspects are concerned with homogeneity/heterogeneity, and mobility. Regarding the hardware resources, the node computer can be single CPU or multiple CPUs.