By B. R. Hergenhahn, Tracy Henley
Goals questioned early guy, Greek philosophers spun complex theories to provide an explanation for human reminiscence and conception, Descartes postulated that the mind was once jam-packed with "animal spirits," and psychology was once formally deemed a "science" within the nineteenth century. during this 7th variation of AN creation TO THE background OF PSYCHOLOGY, authors Hergenhahn and Henley show that almost all of the troubles of up to date psychologists are manifestations of issues which have been a part of psychology for hundreds--or even thousands--of years. The book's a number of photos and pedagogical units, besides its biographical fabric on key figures in psychology, interact readers and facilitate their realizing of every chapter.
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Goals wondered early guy, Greek philosophers spun tricky theories to provide an explanation for human reminiscence and notion, Descartes postulated that the mind was once jam-packed with "animal spirits," and psychology used to be formally deemed a "science" within the nineteenth century. during this 7th version of AN creation TO THE heritage OF PSYCHOLOGY, authors Hergenhahn and Henley reveal that the majority of the worries of latest psychologists are manifestations of topics which were a part of psychology for hundreds--or even thousands--of years.
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Extra info for An Introduction to the History of Psychology (7th Edition)
Observation is always selective. It needs a chosen object, a definite task, an interest, a point of view, a problem. (p. 61) So for Popper, scientific activity starts with a problem, and the problem determines what observations scientists will make. The next step is to propose solutions to the problem (conjectures) and then attempt to find fault with the proposed solutions (refutations). Popper saw scientific method as involving three stages: problems, theories (proposed solutions), and criticism.
Thus, scientific theories must be testable. That is, they must generate hypotheses that can be validated or invalidated empirically. In science, then, the direct observation of nature is important, but such observation is often guided by theory. Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience.
Science as we now know it is relatively new, whereas the subject matter of most, if not all, sciences is very old. What is now studied scientifically was once studied philosophically or theologically, as Popper noted. First came the nebulous categories that were debated for centuries in a nonscientific way. This debate readied various categories of inquiry for the fine tuning that science provides. In psychology today, there is inquiry on all levels. Some concepts have a long philosophical heritage and are ready to be treated scientifically; other concepts are still in their early stages of development and are not ready for scientific treatment; and still other concepts, by their very nature, may never be amenable to scientific inquiry.