An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge by Dan O'Brien

By Dan O'Brien

An creation to the speculation of data courses the reader throughout the key concerns and debates in modern epistemology. Lucid, complete and available, it's a fantastic textbook for college kids who're new to the topic and for college undergraduates. The ebook is split into 5 elements. half I discusses the concept that of data and distinguishes among types of wisdom. half II surveys the assets of data, contemplating either a priori and a posteriori wisdom. components III and IV supply an in-depth dialogue of justification and scepticism. the ultimate a part of the publication examines our alleged wisdom of the earlier, different minds, morality and God. O'Brien makes use of attractive examples in the course of the ebook, taking many from literature and the cinema. He explains complicated concerns, akin to these in regards to the deepest language argument, non-conceptual content material, and the recent riddle of induction, in a transparent and obtainable manner. This textbook is a useful advisor to modern epistemology.

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Phenomenalists do not require God to sustain the existence of objects. ‘Physical’ objects can exist unperceived since there is the continued possibility of experience. To say that a paper clip is in my drawer is to say that I would see one if I opened that drawer. To say that the paper clip is in my drawer is simply to say that the flux of sense data characteristic of the experience of opening the drawer will be followed by the experience of perceiving the silvery-coloured sense data that constitutes a perception of the paper clip.

Your perception is intentional: it is about a word on the page, and its content is that the next word is ‘Let’. Intentionalists therefore agree with sense datum theorists that there is an aspect of perception that is shared by the veridical and non-veridical cases. Intentionalists, however, have representation without an ontological commitment to mental objects. More shall be said about the naturalistic approach in chapter 11. It would appear that my experience consists in more than simply representing the world in a certain way; it is also the case that the way I acquire such representations strikes my consciousness in a distinctive way.

For the scientific realist, then, only some of the properties that we perceive continue to be possessed by objects when there are no perceivers around, these being their primary qualities. The following section questions the claim that our perception is direct, and in section 3 the very existence of mindindependent objects will be brought into question. 2), and intentionalism (section 4) can all be seen as responses. It is such illusions and hallucinations that drive the following key argument for indirect realism.

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